Background theory

If you haven't done your Bronze theory exam there are several concepts in this course that may be new to you.

"Bronze and Beyond" is a very useful book which explains most of it, and is available from the BGA shop at a very reasonable £15.

Alternatively, Andrew Watson has published videos of his Cambridge Gliding Club Bronze Air law lectures online. The Air Law prerequisites for FRTOL candidates are covered in video briefings 4, 5 & 6.

You might particularly make sure you understand:

  • QNH, QFE,

  • Flight level, Height, Altitude, transition altitude, transition level

  • ASR - Altimeter Setting Region

  • TAF, METAR, VOLMET, CAVOK,

  • VFR, VMC, IMC, IFR,

  • Degrees of the compass

  • Runway headings

  • What London Information/Scottish Information is

  • Controlled Airspace - MATZ, Zones, ATZ, RMZ, Parachute zones

  • ILS, VRPs

  • NOTAM

  • The difference between heading and track

It would also be helpful if you were familiar with the the symbols on a standard half-mil map.